[Maruyama Zoo in Sapporo] Polar Bear Is Most Popular Animal in Oldest Zoo in Hokkaido
May 6th, 2014
Maruyama Zoo (円山動物園) is a zoo built in 1951 in Maruyama Park (円山公園) located in the west part of Sapporo's downtown, and is the oldest zoo in Hokkaido, and is adjacent to Hokkaido Shrine (北海道神宮) and Maruyama Baseball Stadium (円山球場). About 800,000 people visit here, and is the 2nd popular zoo after Asahiyama Zoo (旭山動物園) in the Hokkaido. The Asahiyama Zoo is the most popular zoo in the Hokkaido at present, but the Maruyama zoo originally used to be the most popular zoo. Because they improve a way to display of animals, the Maruyama Zoo is planning to become more attractive zoo in future. 184 types of about 950 animals are bred in February 28, 2014.
There are about 20 animal houses in the Maruyama Zoo, and it takes one hour 30 minutes even if visitors roughly go a round. Guided tours and experience-based events are held, and night zoo is held in mid August, too. I thought that a zoo for children was very interesting. At the zoo for children, animals such as sheeps or chickens, ducks are bred, and visitors can observe those closely. It is very nice to be able to come in contact with animals. In addition, a free parking lot is not founded because it is located in Chuo Ward, Sapporo city. A toll parking is provided. Strollers and wheelchairs are provided for free, too.
Animal houses at the Maruyama Zoo are as follows. There are Kangaroo House (カンガルー館), Raptorial Birds House (猛禽舎), Zoo for Children (こども動物園), Forest of Owl and Hawk (フクロウとタカの森), Tropical Animal House (熱帯動物館), Monkey Mountain (サル山), Frozen Zone House (寒帯館), High Mountain House (高山館), Tropical Rain Forest House (熱帯雨林館), Reptile and Amphibian House (爬虫類・両生類館), Anthropoid House (類人猿館), Monkey House (モンキーハウス), Waterfowl House (総合水鳥舎), Tropical Bird House (熱帯鳥類館), Chimpanzee House (チンパンジー館), Yezo Deer and Wolf House (エゾシカ・オオカミ舎), Sea Animal House (海獣舎), Yezo Brown Bear House (エゾヒグマ館) and World Bear House (世界の熊館).
Atmosphere of Maruyama Zoo Can Be Watched on Youtube.
Maruyama (円山) is a mountain at an altitude of 226 m in the westrn part of Chuo Ward, Sapporo city, and used to be called "Mt. Moiwa (モイワ山)". It means "A small mountain" in Ainu language. Mr. Michitoshi Iwamura (岩村通俊), a chief of Hokkaido Development Commission, named this neighborhood as Maruyama Village after Maruyama in Kyoto in 1872, and the mountain has been called "Mt. Maruyama" before people knows it. Around the foot of the Mt. Mauyama is called "Maruyama Park" at present, and it is a place of recreation and relaxation for Sapporo citizen. The large area is about 70 ha, and Hokkaido-jingu Shrine (北海道神宮), Maruyama Athletic Field (円山総合運動場) and Maruyama Zoo (円山動物園) are built on the site, and Maruyama Virgin Forest (円山原始林) grows, too, and this park has rich nature. It is well-known for a place famous for cherry blossoms and fall foliage, and a lot of tourists come. In addition, the Mt. Maruyama can be hiked, too, and trails are built for about 3 km in total length, and the time it takes to hike the mountain is around 1 hour. Article is here
Figure of Animal House Placement in Maruyama Zoo
Yezo Brown Bear House
2 Yezo Brown Bears are bred at the Yezo Brown Bear House. Their name of male is Dai (大), and their name of female is Towa (とわ). Originally, they inhabit the Hokkaido, and are the largest animal in the natural world of the Japan. A big individual seems to be weight over 140 kg. They are sloppy meals, but staple foods are nuts and fruit, and it is said that the Yezo Brown Bear rarely attacks human. But visitors should keep a safe distance to observe them because it is said that the Yezo Brown Bear that has eaten a human is dangerous. By the way, I was not able to readily find them because they often hid whether the Yezo Brown Bear of Maruyama Zoo was shy.
Atmosphere of Yezo Brown Bear House Can Be Watched on Youtube.
Yezo Deer and Wolf House
6 Yezo Deers and 4 Timberwolves are bred at the Yezo Deer and Wolf House. As for the Yezo Deer, their names of male are Megumu (恩) and Ayumu (歩), and their names of femal are May (芽), Amanda (アマンダ), Isabel (イザベル) and Michi (道). Originally, the Yezo Deer inhabits the Hokkaido, and lives in groups. Trees and plants are main staple foods. A big individual seems to be weight over 140 kg. A leader of this group is Megumu. Only the male grows antlers.
Names of the timberwolves are Jay (ジェイ), Leak (リーク), Yuki (ユウキ), Sho (ショウ). All of them are male. Originally, they inhabit the forest area in the northern North America, and live by hunting deers or wild boars in groups. Jay is a leader of this group.
Atmosphere of Yezo Deer and Wolf House Can Be Watched on Youtube.
9 chimpanzees are bred at the Chimpanzee House. Their name of male is Accky (アッキー), and their names of female are Gach (ガチャ), Jane (ジェーン), Chaco (チャコ), Susie (スージー), Tess (テス), Lady (レディ), Haru (ハル), Yuki (ユウキ). Gacha born in 1966 is the oldest chimpanzee and longevity very much.
Originally, they inhabit a tropical rain forest in the African central part, and live in groups. They are omnivorousness animals, and eat fruits or then insect mainly, but monkeys such as Slow Loris or Orangutan seem to be eaten by them, too. The fact surprises me. They spent most of a day on search for bait, an artificial anthill is built to be close to a wild condition. By the way, it seems to be a sign of the sexual excitement to grow female buttocks without being a disease.
Atmosphere of Chimpanzee House Can Be Watched on Youtube.
Ruffed Lemur, Ring-tailed Lemur, Brown Capuchin, Diana Monkey, Olive Baboon, Mandrill, De brazza's Monkey are bred at the Monkey House.
Atmosphere of Monkey House Can Be Watched on Youtube.
Sea Animal House
1 Larga Seal and 2 Harbor Seals are bred at the Sea Animal House. Their name of the Larga Seal is F (エフ), and he is a male. Originally, they inhabit the Bering Sea or the Sea of Okhotsk. They live mainly on fishes, and are a great eater very much. His kissing face seems to gross out. As for the name of Harbor Seals, a female is Gg (ジージー) and a male is Chiharu (ちはる). They are a mother and a son. The Harbor Seals inhabit the Pacific and the Atlantic coastal place, and a neighborhood of Cape Erimo is the largest habitat in the Japan. They live on fishes.
World Bear House
3 Polar Bears are breed at the World Bear House. Their name of male is Denari (デナリ). Their names of female are Lara (ララ) and Candy (キャンディ). Originally, they inhabit the Arctic Ocean coast, and are omnivorous animals. They hunt mammals such as seals mainly. As for a big individual, it seems to be length over 3 m, and seems to be weigh over 800 kg. It is said that they are the largest carnivorous animal on the earth. However, they are animal species in an extinction crisis. The Polar Bear is one of the most popular animals in the Maruyama Zoo. A pair of Denari and Lara succeed in breeding many times, and people are attracting expectation to born babies.
Atmosphere of World Bear House Can Be Watched on Youtube.
Tropical Bird House
Phoenicopterus Ruber, Chilean Flamingo, Lesser Flamingo, Mandarin Duck, Philippine Hanging Parrot, Bycanistes Cylindricus, Keel-billed Toucan, Ppeacock, Waxbill, Euplectes Orix, Pin-tailed Whydah, Blue-eared Glossy Starling, Guara, Toco Toucan, Six-banded Armadillo and Ring-tailed Coat are bred at the Tropical Bird House. A lot of beautiful birds fly in the house. In addition, some sparrows fly there for some reason, too.
Atmosphere of Tropical Bird House Can Be Watched on Youtube.
Humboldt Penguin, White Pelican, Pink-backed Pelican, Black-crowned Night Heron, Heron, White Stork, Japanese Crane, Hawaiian Goose, Alopochen Aegyptiacus, Ruddy Shelduck, Cape Barren Goose are bred at the Waterfowl House. Each habitats are different. I was surprised that a penguin was a bird, and the penguin seems to be one of most famous birds that can not fly. White Storks are designed as Germany and Lithuanian's national bird, and belong to the stork. Humboldt Penguin and Hawaiian Goose are animal species in extinction crisis.
Atmosphere of Waterfowl House Can Be Watched on Youtube.
Reptile and Amphibian House
70 types of reptiles and amphibians including Crocodile, Frog, Snake and Tortoise are bred at the Reptile and Amphibian House (爬虫類・両生類館). Anyway, it is quite hard to look around because there are a lot of kinds. But the reptiles and amphibians assimilate a background, and No one could find where the reptiles and amphibians were, and it is great fun to find out those. In addition, the reptiles and amphibians with various poison are in danger and are loud color. They will be confident of their poison.
Atmosphere of Reptiles and Amphibians House Can Be Watched on Youtube.
3 Borneo Orangutans and 2 White-handed Gibbons are bred at the Anthropoid House. As for the borneo orangutan, their names of male are Teijiro (弟路郎) and Hayato (ハヤト), and their name of female is Rainbow (レインボー). Originally, they inhabit a tropical rain forest of Indonesian Borneo Island. They are omnivorous, and a staple food is fruit, but they seem to hunt Gibbon and Slow Loris. When the male becomes a leader, fats around his face called flange grows. Teijiro had the excellent flange. They are animal species in extinction crisis. As for the White-handed Gibbon, their name of male is Kotaro (コタロー) and their name of female is Ai (アイ). Originally, they inhabit a tropical rain forest of the Southeastern Asian. A staple food is fruit. They are good at brachiation.
The next page will introduce other animal houses.