[Mongolian Barbecue of Hokkaido] Tasty Sheep Meats Can Be Savored in 2 Ways of Cooking
July 24th, 2014
- Mongolian Barbecue of Hokkaido
- Mongolian Barbecue Restraunts in Hokkaido
- My Domestic Mongolian Barbecue
Mongolian Barbecue of Hokkaido
Genghis Khan (ジンギスカン * Mongolian barbecue) is one of the most famous local dishes of Hokkaido, and is a dish to grill sheep meats and vegetables, and is called the comfort food of Hokkaido people. Except the Hokkaido, the Genghis Khan is also a familiar local dish in a part of Iwate Prefecture or Nagano Prefecture. The reason why the Hokkaido is closely related to the mongolian barbecue is that 5 national sheep breeding ranches were built in Takikawa (滝川), Tsukisamu (月寒), Tomobe (友部) in Ibaraki Prefecture, Hojo (北条) in Ehime Prefecture and Kumamoto (熊本) after Japanese goverment declared a production increase of wool in Meiji period. In those days, Japanese had no custom of eating meat, and did not like the taste since the sheep meats had unique taste. But the Genghis Khan is one of devised dishes for using the sheep meats as well as the wool without being wasted. Indeed, the sheep meats are different from beef and pork, and have the unique taste, so it has people divided between those that like it and those that hate it. On the contrary, the unique taste may captivate the Hokkaido people's taste buds.
The Genghis Khan is roughly divided into 2 styles, Marinated Sheep Meats in Sauce (タレ付きジンギスカン) and Raw Sheep Meats(生ジンギスカン). The former has a root in the Takikawa, and the latter has a root in the Tsukisam, Sapporo. Those are closely related to establishment of the national sheep breeding ranches. In Hakodate, Obihiro and Kushiro, people often eat Raw Sheep Meats style mongolian barbecue, and people often eat Marinated Sheep Meats in Sauce style mongolian barbecue in Sorachi District and the northern part of the Hokkaido, so Hokkaido people sometimes call the Raw Sheep Meats style mongolian barbecue as Tsukisamu style, and call the Marinated Sheep Meats in Sauce style mongolian barbecue as Takikawa style. I have ate the both style, and the both have been tasty. As for a pan, a lot of people use a pan only for the Genghis Khan, and it is called a mongolian barbecue pan. The center of the pan raises, and the pan are estranged.
The mongolian barbecue pan is a little different depending on each styles. As for a mongolian barbecue pan for the Raw Sheep Meats style mongolian barbecue, I wonder if heating power is important, and the pan has crevices since ingredients are easy to grill. As for a mongolian barbecue pan for the Marinated Sheep Meats in Sauce style mongolian barbecue, the pan has a grilling part and a pool part without crevices, so flavor of the sheep meats and vegetables collect in the pool part. If udon noodles or ramen noodles are put into the pool part, those soaked up the flavor of the sheep meats and the vegetables are very tasty. Most of families in the Hokkaido have mongolian barbecue pans, so it is understood that the mongolian barbecue take root in the Hokkaido. Especially, mongolian barbecue parties are held in a cherry bloosom season or ends of events, and the Hokkaido people use a gathering for the purpose of friendship.
The sheep meats are divided into 2 types, Mutton (adult mutton * sheep aged more than one year) and Lamb (child mutton * sheep aged less than one year). The age of sheep can be known by the number of their front tooth. Although sheep meats are produced in Japan, sheep meats are nearly always imported from Australia or New Zealand. In addition, not only the sheep meats but also pork and venison are used for the mongolian barbecue lately. By the way, the following is Marinated Sheep Meats in Sauce of Matsuo Genghis Khan.
The Raw Sheep Meats is the following. The meats do not soak in a pack.
Mongolian barbecue for the pork or the venison are following. I have eaten the mongolian barbecue for the venison, and that was very unique taste. But it is different depending on ripening condition or cutting method.
Except the Takikawa and the Tsukisamu, Sapporo, some places are related to the Genghis Khan. Nayoro Stewed Mongolian Barbecue (名寄煮込みジンギスカン), Nanporo Mongolian Barbecue (南幌ジンギスカン), Azuma Mongolian Barbecue (厚真ジンギスカン), Naganuma Mongolian Barbecue (長沼ジンギスカン) and Abira Mongolian Barbecue (安平ジンギスカン) and so on are now selling as a local speciality in each city or towns.
A way of making the Genghis Khan is defferent depending on grilling styles or each families. I guess that there is no correct answer in the Genghis Khan. In general, As for the Tsukisamu style, a lump of lard is put on the top of a mongolian barbecue pan, and sheep meats are grilled on the slope of the pan, and vegetables are grilled on the bottom of the pan. As for the Takikawa style, the pan is covered with bean sprouts, and vegetables and sheep meats are put on the bean sprouts, and mongolian barbecue sause is poured into the pan, and eaters wait for being cooked or grilled. Using ingredients are different by restraunts or each families, but ut I suppoese that most of ordinary families put bean sprouts, onions, green peppers, mushrooms, ainu leeks, asparagus, corn, tofu, pumpkin, udon noodles or ramen noodles on a mongolian barbecue pan. In addition, Horgen (ホルジン * mongolian barbecue stewed with salty pig innards) that is derived from the Genghis Khan is also tasty.
Mongolian Barbecue Restraunts in Hokkaido
A lot of good mongolian barbecue restraunts open a business in the Hokkaido, and my visited restraunts are as follows. A long lines is sometimes formed at each restraunts. By the way, beer gardens are closely bound up with the mongolian barbecue. In the Sapporo, 3 beer gardens, Sappro Beer Garden (サッポロビール園), Asahi Beer Garden (アサヒビール園) and Kirin Beer Garden (キリンビール園), open a business in the 4 major brewing companies in Japan, and serve mongolian barbecue a main course.
Matsuo Genghis Khan Head Office
Matsuo Genghis Khan (松尾ジンギスカン) is a famous mongolian barbecue chain restraunt founded in 1956, and their head office is in Takikawa city located between Sapporo city and Asahikawa city, and is affectionately called "Matsujin (マツジン)" by Hokkaido people. Mr. Yoshihiro Matsuo (松尾 吉洋) is a company president now. Mongolian Barbecue (Genghis Khan) of Hokkaido has 2 styles, Takikawa style (滝川流) and Tsukisamu style (月寒流), and the Matsuo Genghis Khan is one of the most famous Takikawa style mongolian barbecue restraunts. It is also a feature that they produce and sell sheep meats and sauce themselves. Except the Takikawa, their branch restraunts and franchise restraunts also open a business in the Sapporo, New Chitose Airport, Kitahiroshima, the Asahikawa, Abashiri, Kushiro, Chitose, Iwanai, Iwamizawa, Shinjuku, Akasaka, Ginza and so on. Article is here
Genghis Khan Daruma Head Office
Genghis Khan Daruma (成吉思汗だるま) is a popular mongolian barbecue restraunt founded in 1954 in Susukino, Chuo ward, Sapporo city. Mrs. Sumiko Kanezuka (金官 澄子) is a proprietress now. The mongolian barbecue restraunt is one of the most popular mongolian barbecue with a long line in Hokkaido, and has the head office and 4 branch stores in the Susukino. Tender lamb and an atmosphere of a restraunt filled with smoke have a good reputation. But the head office has been renewed since 2018. Article is here
Genghis Khan Daikokuya Head Office
Genghis Khan Daikokuya Head Office (成吉思汗大黒屋本店) is a popular mongolian barbecue (ジンギスカン * Genghis Khan) restaurant founded in 2002 in the downtown area of Asahikawa city, and is one of the most popular mongolian barbecue with a long line in Hokkaido. Tender lamb and an atmosphere of a restraunt filled with smoke have a good reputation. Unfortunately, the head office has closed since October 2016 because of aging of the building. Only 5jo Brach Store opens a business now. Article is here
Sapporo Genghis Khan Head Office
Sapporo Genghis Khan (さっぽろジンギスカン) head office is a popular mongolian barbecue restraunt near LAWSON in Susukino, Chuo ward, Sapporo city. Mr. Takeo Kobayashi (小林武央) established the restraunt in 1986. Structure of the restraunt is a prefabricated building, and the restraunt is on the 2nd floor of Matsuda Fishing Tackle Shop (松田釣具店). I think that it is unusual to open a business at such the building in the central area of the Sapporo. The Sapporo Genghis Khan is well-known for serving tasty raw lamb, and a line is often formed before opening a business. Article is here
Genghis Khan Shirakaba Head Office
Genghis Khan Shirakaba (ジンギスカン白樺) is a popular mongolian barbecue restraunt founded in 1957, and the head office is in Kiyokawa-cho, Obihiro city. Mr. Toshio Sakuma (佐久間 俊男) is a company president now. The restraunt is considerably far from the downtown of the Obihiro, and has a brach restraunt in Furano. A lot of people come to eat their mongolian barbecue, and a line sometimes is formed. The both wodden buildings look new, so I guess that visitors can enjoy meals. Article is here
Matsuo Genghis Khan Sapporoeki-mae Branch
I visited Sapporoeki-mae Branch (札幌駅前店) on the basement 1st floor of Nihonseimei Sapporo Building (日本生命札幌ビル) around 14:00 on a weekday. The restraunt is very clean, and it has an atmosphere such as non barbecue restraunt. All seats are table seats, so I suppose that family customers also enjoy meals. I think that female customers are likely to favorite it because the restraunt does not has smoke. Article is here
Mitsuboshi Shokudo (三星食堂) is a long-established restraunt founded in 1914 in Nayoro city located in the north part of Asahikawa city, and is near Nayoro Station. Mr. Kouzo Takeda (武田 宏三) is a restraunt owner now. The restraunt is known for a wide variety dishes on a menu, and is loved by Nayoro people. Special Mayonnaise Grilled Chicken with Teriyaki Sauce Set Meal (鳥の照焼特製マヨネーズ炒定食) and Nayoro Stewed Mongolian Barbecue Set Meal (なよろ煮込みジンギスカン) are popular, and the Mitsuboshi Shokudo is crowded with customers at lunchtime in particular. A lot of familiar restraunts such as the Restaurant Midoriya (レストラン緑) that local people often went to eat a dish used to be near the Nayoro Station in old days, but many restraunts has already closed their business. I think that the Mitsuboshi Shokudo keep doing their business. Article is here
Heiwaen Shiroishi Branch
Heiwaen (平和園) is a popular mongolian barbecue chain restraunt founded in 1970, and the head office is in Obihiro city. They adopt grilled meat style mongolian barbecue without using mongolian barbecue pan for the first time in Japan. Mr. Takanori Nitta (新田 隆教) is a company president now. Except the Obihiro, their branch restraunts also open a business in Makubetsu, Otofuke, Memuro and Sapporo. I visited Shiraishi branch (白石店) to eat mongolian barbecue with my friend. All seats are table seats, and there are 2 types tables, so customers sit a seat after taking off their shoes or sit a seat without taking off their shoes. I suppose that family customers also enjoy meals. Article is here
My Domestic Mongolian Barbecue
A way of grilling my domestic mongolian barbecue is as following. My family always adoptsthe Takikawa style. In addition, I am from Nayoro city, so I sometimes cook stewed mongolian barbecue in an ordinary pan. My family style is that vegetables and udon noodles are put on a mongolian barbecue pan at one time, and sheep meats are put on the vegetable around the top of the pan. Then ingredients are not griiled but steamed, and mongolian barbecue sauce is poured into the mongolian barbecue pan at the right time. Then just waiting for being cooked. I think that there is various way to cook depending on each places in the Hokkaido.